There are two key things to great skin – a consistent routine and year-round sun protection. Good genes help too. However, for each decade of our lives there are different challenges – here’s how to deal with each one.
During your twenties your skin is generally luminous and uniform. But you need to cultivate good skincare habits now so that youthful glow actually lasts. Some people may experience a second episode of acne but the sun is the main issue causing dehydration, wrinkling and uneven pigmentation. Smoking too, in these party years takes a toll on the skin resulting in grey looking skin and fine lines around the mouth.
Sun protection is key. Use a broad spectrum sunscreen-with at least SPF30. Avoid sunbeds. Likewise, free radicals in smoke and pollution strip skin of vitality so invest in a good anti-oxidant moisturiser with A, C and E vitamins. Start the eye-cream habit now.
The first obvious signs of ageing start to show in your thirties, such as lines, uneven pigmentation and often dryness. But approximately most of any ageing is exposure to sun.
As cell turnover decreases in our thirties – it takes longer than the normal 30 days – it is important to exfoliate regularly with an enzyme based exfoliant rather than a harsh, grainy one to help improve radiance. Again a good SPF and also a good eye cream to address the beginnings of fine lines.
Now you’ll start to see more uneven pigmentation and deeper lines. Skin often feels rougher in texture and feels drier due to the skin’s barrier function weakening and losing moisture. Also in your forties you produce less oestrogen, the hormone which controls collagen and moisture retention thus resulting in a more dehydrated skin.
As before, a good SPF of minimum 30 and a daily moisturiser containing those essential anti-oxidants to protect against free radical damage. It should also contain retinoids to help boost collagen and elastin levels and to help increase cell turnover.
Your skin now loses its plumpness and firmness. Also any sun damage will have worsened thus pigmentation looks darker. Around the menopause even less oestrogen will be produced resulting in an even drier skin.
As before the SPF is essential but look now for richer formulations to keep skin feeling comfortable. Plus a more hard-working eye cream targeting those deeper lines and crows feet. Also now don’t neglect the skin on the neck. Try a neck and décolleté cream to help prevent sagging.
Your 60’s plus
At this stage it’s all about nourishment and revitalisation. On average most women go through the menopause in their early 50’s but it takes a few years for the effects of depleted oestrogen to be seen in your face – and the big difference is increased dryness.
Continue your healthy skin habits from the previous decades but gentle is the key word now. Just as before sun protection is key and anti-oxidants are essential in your moisturiser. Add a face oil to your routine to help with hydration levels.
Written by Mandy Oxley-Swan
Beauty Therapist and Beauty Manager at Shine, Church Street